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الأربعاء، 26 يناير، 2011

Computer Game Improves Decision-Making

By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on January 21, 2011
 
Perhaps it fitting that in the month in which an IBM computer named “Watson” bested two human Jeopardy champions, researchers announced the development of a prototype computer game that will help improve decision-making skills in all aspects of life.
Supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), a team at Queen’s University Belfast in Ireland has developed a prototype that could be built on by commercial games manufacturers and turned into an e-learning or training tool for all sorts of professionals — and for the general public too.
Alternatively, some of its features could be incorporated into existing computer games that have a strategy element
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The team has explored whether people can be trained to make better decisions by improving their ability to recognize and make allowances for their subjective opinions and biases, and to “factor in” accurately their uncertainty over a decision’s likely outcome.
For example, you’re late for a train. Will you be able to catch it if you run? Or will that result in the stress of wasted effort?
To maximize your chances of reaching the right decision, you’ll need to take into account all information available to you (which may change minute by minute). But it also helps if, using this information, you try to make an appraisal of your chances, which will be more accurate if you take into account how you tend to interpret such information, based on previous experience. Maybe you know whether you tend to be over-or under-confident in similar situations.
In the same way, the prototype game (available for anyone to try out at worldofuncertainty.org ) teaches people to take their uncertainty into account and learn from experience when faced with simple choices.
“It’s the first ever online quiz designed to let people estimate how sure they are of their answers and score more highly if they don’t ignore their uncertainty but realistically assess it,” said David Newman, Ph.D., who leads the project.
“Whether the choices facing us are simple or complex, a greater awareness of uncertainty and of our own biases can improve the quality of our decision-making. We believe there’s real potential for people to acquire that awareness through computer games.”
In the future, games of this type could be used for both educational and entertainment purposes by public and private sector decision-makers and by private individuals in order to enhance their decision-making abilities.
Over 500 members of the general public, as well as many students from Queen’s and Dundalk Institute of Technology, have already tried out the prototype.
The results are currently being assessed to establish the extent to which it has taught them to make better decisions.
“The game we’ve developed is a research tool that’s enabling us to find out much more about the thought processes and psychological mechanisms involved in decision making,” says Jyldyz Tabyldy kyzy, a graduate student (originally from Kyrgyzstan) and key member of the project team

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